9 Tips to guide your child through their school’s math tracking
The right math track helps each child learn the subject to mastery, building a strong foundation for future success.
Sorting kids into a math track starts as early as 6th grade and in the majority of US schools by 8th grade. Here is how it works in a typical suburb.
1. Understand when and how math tracks are assigned
In Spring of 6th grade a single algebra placement test is given. This is the primary opportunity to be in the highest level of math and (later) science courses. Criteria are probably published in your school’s student handbook and may also include IQ and standardized test scores. Based on those results, Kids will be sorted into one of several tracks. For example, if tracking begins in 7th grade then there could be a placement exam in March or April of 6th grade.
Many districts use objective criteria and exclude teacher recommendations in order to make the process fair and to minimize time spent discussing placement decisions with parents.
Five typical math tracks
1. Honors Algebra in 7th grade
Kids with the highest scores skip both 7th and 8th grade math completely. The following year they will be eligible for Geometry and enriched science. The percentage of kids qualifying for this track varies from year to year, perhaps from 2% to 10%. Middle school algebra often covers both high school algebra and a brief overview of topics others covered in 7th or 8th grade. As a result, “honors” sections might be reserved for middle schoolers.
2. Honors Algebra in 8th grade
More kids will take an honors 7th grade math course that combines 7th and 8th grade math. The following year they’ll take middle school honors algebra described above.
3. Algebra in 9th grade
Most students are here in our New Jersey suburbs. In rural or urban schools it might be the only option. Since the SAT’s include algebra and geometry, this track can still position students for great scores on their SAT and careers in STEM. In high school this track is often referred to as “College Preparatory.” It is doing just that, preparing kids for college. The majority of kids are in this track, including many who go on to study STEM fields.
4. Co-taught Section
There may be class sections that are co-taught by a regular education and a special education teacher. The material might be the same or somehow modified for children needing extra supports. E.g., extra time for tests. Depending on the kids needs it might not be offered every year. Some sections might have a less qualified teacher’s aide instead of a co-teacher.
5. Math resource room
Why don’t schools explain it up front?
Schools often don’t tell families much about placement exams. It may be because some families get so worked up about them, especially in high performing districts. While it hurts everyone for a child to be in the wrong track, I initially found it hard to tell where my own kids should be. The approach outlined below helped me and many of my friends to prepare. If subjective criteria like teacher evaluations are included, the school risks spending more time addressing parent challenges
2. Which math track is right for my child?
- Master each level since math is a cumulative topic. Staying in an accelerated track might require an “A-” in 3 out of 4 quarters and at least a B+ for the other. This seemed hardcore at first, but I now agree. Sal Kahn did a wonderful TED talk, Let’s Teach to Mastery not Test Scores.
- Algebra and the abstraction of variables is a big jump in thinking. Some kids just need time to wrap their brains around it, as Grandma, the math teacher explained. It isn’t just about being bright. A chorus of experts agree – don’t take algebra too soon.
- Parents can panic at the prospect of a “lower” language arts or math track for their child. Yet, in a progressive district these kids will get the extra help they need and move back up to a higher level if appropriate. However, in math you may not be able to switch to the fastest track later.
- Many need a second time through – Between 28 to 40% of first year students and over 50% of community college students need remedial classes according to studies.
- Track named “College Preparatory” – When teachers refer to a child moving in or out of a “college prep” class, it can confuse parents. They aren’t making a judgement on whether that child will or can attend college. They are referring to the name of the math track.
3. Accelerating? Buckle your seat belt!
If your child is put in an accelerated math track, especially Algebra then be a bit careful.
Honors Algebra is a full on high school class and covers the same material as the 9th graders will see including a comprehensive mid-term and final exam. This can be a bigger jump than kids or parents expect.
At the end of first quarter some parents get a call suggesting their child drop down a level. Many of these families could have easily helped with homework but get caught be surprise with the sudden jump from 6th grade to high school expectations.
Instead of having to make a big, high risk decision for my own 6th grader when I felt like I didn’t have enough information, I learned to encourage my kids to do the timely preparation, as I’ll outline below.
4. What to expect in high school
Math sequences vary. Algebra and geometry might come first to followed by trigonometry, algebra II, and pre-calculus. They can be combined in various ways with different names. The content in Calculus AB and BC is more standardized for high schools participating in Advanced Placement testing. There may be some opportunities to step up or down a level, but not every year.
Many schools won’t (officially) let you double up to move ahead a year or catch up with the kids who were strong early on. This is the part that many parents and kids only realize later. Sometimes schools allow kids to self study (or take an outside class) and skip a track. In my experience the drive to move ahead of peers should come from the child. We parents try to educate them about their options. One of mine did against parent (and grandparent) advice. It may have contributed to later burn out. There is an opportunity cost either way.
5. Preparing for college, or community college
- Calculus I weeds Freshman. A recent study showed that in college low math confidence while taking the first year of Calculus tends to be the class that weeds out many hopefuls from STEM fields, especially women. If everything else is the same then it seems girls want to feel they have full command of the subject to continue with math. That is exactly what happened to me in college. I’d skipped the first semester of calculus after receiving a 3 on the Calculus AB exam. While I did well in the class grade-wise, with that feeling of non-mastery I turned from STEM to economics, a major I loved.
- Colleges also track math. Engineering and project based calculus require higher placement scores than regular calculus. If your student is pursuing a STEM major then they will find it easier if they get some calculus in first. For example, through a community college summer school right before starting college.
- Learning to mastery is key all along the way, rather than pushing ahead to a higher level before the basics are mastered. Sal Kahn did a great TED talk on teaching Math to mastery. My own experience concurs.
- A college calculus class is more rigorous than a high school class. So don’t be surprised if your college makes students repeat math classes if you can’t prove mastery of the material. You’ll just have one easier class. While the material covered might be the same, exam and practice questions will be much more sophisticated. This is appropriate for a more mature learner.
6. Prepare for math tracking- Start early and learn to mastery!
My pre-high school mantras are “For every two hours of free screen time, do two hours of educational screen time.” and “grow your brain.” They kind of know I’m right once they get into it.
For my own kids this occurs once they’ve gotten the routines of the school year down, feel comfortable in their classes and start to need some new challenges.
Cultivate self motivation.
Being a self-directed learner is powerful. Cultivate your curiosity and they can grow their brains with what ever subjects interest them. Their topics range widely so I ask them to give me their top five things to do this season. Then we’ll get library books, take field trips and explore all the relevant web sites we can find. We make the most of existing clubs and opportunities. When we needed to fill gaps we ucvts-np-stem/” target=”_blank” rel=”noopener” data-cke-saved-href=”http://stemshoots.com/science-olympiad-ucvts-np-stem/”>strengthen exdeisting clubs , attended events at local museums and organized STEM field trips. Do what we can to fan intrinsic motivation and excitement, which works for a while.
Strengthen teacher-parent partnership
Parents role is to encourage daily completion of assigned homework. Trying but getting a wrong answer is also valuable. Then bring questions to the teacher during class, before or after school.
Finding Math Help
On-line – We used Khan Academy(free) to solidify what they have learned in school (K-12), starting in 3rd or 4th grade. Here is How we used Khan Academy to help my kids succeed in 12 steps. I agree that Khan Academy is revolutionizing math education.
Here are other K-12 math websites.
Peers – A friend in their class might help. Explaining to others helps us solidify our own knowledge. National Honor Societies often require members to provide tutoring to fellow students for free.
Tutors – Many families use tutors successfully. Some kids do better with a live person or struggle with a “flipped class room.” We have the means to do so, and I’ve offered my kids the option, but they’ve never wanted a tutor.
Parents – My husband or I are able to help with most of the math, but our kids rarely ask for our help. They prefer Khan Academy. Both of my own parents taught college level math, but I dreaded asking them as well. I just wanted the bit I needed for tomorrow’s lesson. So if your kids are over-achievers, under-achievers, rich, poor, neurotypical, or have special needs I still recommend you start with Khan Academy.
We all do best when we have a voice in setting our own goals. Remember it is a marathon not a sprint, so keep it light and fun.
7. If you don’t get the math track you hoped to
If you don’t get the result you expect, then I’d inquire as to which criteria your child missed. I’ve seen the culprit be a missing IQ or standardized test score or even another child in district with the same name. Also, transfer students often miss out even if they had qualified in their former district, so I’d ask in your old district and the new and provide data.
My own kids
How I came to care about math track placement
My middle child walked out of his algebra placement test and realized that he’d made a mistake at the beginning of a multi-part question and then missed all the subsequent parts. When he got his placement letter a few months later, he placed lower than he thought he should. I just didn’t know. At his request we inquired & then appealed his placement. Since his grades and test scores were very strong we put him in 7th grade Algebra. However, we were warned that he had to finish the year no matter how he struggled.
Personally, I wouldn’t have taken the risk, but he and his Dad were for it. In retrospect, I would have been wrong and it was the right choice for him. He’s finishing 4 years of calculus in high school, in part because he had such a solid foundation. His sister saw him give up 2 summers to get there. She is choosing her own path. Self motivation is far more powerful than something external (like a parent) pushing you.
In 3rd grade my husband took him aside and said he had two choices. He could study “Mom’s way” or, if he kept a 95% or above on every single assignment, then he could work independently. But, if got a grade lower than that on anything then for the next month he’d have to work with me. For him that approach worked and he’s been independent since. Each kid is different, including my own.
Another kid’s goal might be turning in 100% of their homework and paying attention in class. Other kids aren’t ready for the abstractions in Algebra until later, and still go on to successful, math heavy careers.
Building their solid foundation
The summer between 3rd and 4th grade I asked all three of my kids to master the previous year’s work in Study Island. This was back in the days before Khan Academy. I expected 2 hours of educational screen time before they got 2 hours of free screen time. My middle son wanted to game, so he mastered the previous year’s math and English to get me off his case. That was the year that he went from being a good student to a great student. In middle school he used Khan Academy etc. to study for entrance exams and math placement exams. While he didn’t always reach his goals the first time, a solid foundation helped him along the way.
By my third child, I had learned. At the end of 5th grade I told her she had a choice:
- Main Track – Repeat the same math topics in more depth in 7th and 8th grade or
- Use Khan Academy to master the material and take Algebra sooner.
Our relationship benefited from mutual respect. She chose to study for the algebra placement test. Others tell me they’ve found this advice helpful. One of the hardest parts of parenting is giving them the freedom to make their own choices and mistakes.
Walking fine line between mastery and working too far ahead
Note that while she found she could work ahead on the algebra placement test subjects, she couldn’t work ahead in 6th grade math. She wound up painfully bored. We also met with her math teacher at the beginning of the year and made it clear we would support the teacher’s wishes. We sent in a Math Olympiad for Elementary and Middle School book if she finished early. She used it some in class and for a 6th grade parent-led Moems club.
8. Arguments for and against assigning a math track
Some suburban districts start assigning math tracks earlier. In urban district ones of the arguments against math tracks before high school is that poorer and otherwise disadvantaged youth are less likely to be placed in a higher math track. Wouldn’t it be great to help raise the math level for all our kids?
by the Brooking Institute
- The Resurgence of Ability Grouping and Persistence of Tracking
- High Achievers, Tracking, and the Common Core
9. Help your school better meet kids’ needs
Have insights that you think could help your community and school do better? These past posts my help.
- Here are my 10 tips to Lead like a golden retriever when speaking to your School District,
- School clubs can keep kids interested in STEM with these 13 tips
- Encourage your school to hold a strategy session in the form of a Superintendent or Principal’s Forum
PSST! Know someone who might find this Survival Guide useful? Please send it to them, quickly before you forget! Also, pass on any survival tips of your own in the comments below.